Balfour Agreement Pdf

The Arab revolt was launched on June 5, 1916 on the basis of the quid pro quo agreement in correspondence. [71] However, less than three weeks earlier, the governments of the United Kingdom, France and Russia surreptitiously concluded the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which Balfour later described as a “completely new method” for dividing the region, after the 1915 agreement “seems to have been forgotten”. [j] The British government, including Churchill, clarified that the declaration did not intend to transform all of Palestine into a Jewish national home, “but that such a house should be created in Palestine.” [xxii] [xxiii] Emir Faisal, king of Syria and Iraq, entered into a formal written agreement with Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann, designed by T.E. Lawrence, trying to establish a peaceful relationship between Arabs and Jews in Palestine. [183] The Fayçal-Weizmann Agreement of 3 January 1919 was a short-lived agreement for Jewish-Arab cooperation in the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine. [z] Fayçal, in his presentation to the peace conference of 6 February 1919, treated Palestine differently and said: “Because of its universal nature, Palestine should be left on a page for the mutual respect of all concerned.” [185] [186] The agreement was never implemented. [aa] In a letter that followed, written in English by Lawrence for Fayçal`s signature, he stated that shortly after his return from Petrograd, Sykes informed Samuel, who informed a meeting of Gaster, Weizmann and Sokolov. Gaster notes in his diary, April 16, 1916: “We are offered a Franco-English condo in Palest. Arab prince to reconcile Arab sentiments and, within the framework of the Constitution, a charter for the Zionists that England would guarantee and which, in any case, would be at our side of friction… The implementation of our Zionist programme is almost complete. But we stressed the national nature of the Charter, freedom of immigration and internal autonomy and, at the same time, the full right to citizenship for [illegibles] and Jews in Palestine. [83] In Syke`s mind, the agreement that bore his name was outdated even before it was signed – in March 1916, he wrote in a private letter: “In my opinion, the Zionists are now the key to the situation.” [xii] [85] In this case, neither the French nor the Russians were enthusiastic about the proposed wording and, finally, on 4 July, Wolf was informed that “the current announcement date was not appropriate”. [86] This Anglo-French treaty was negotiated in late 1915 and early 1916 between Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, with the primary agreements established in a joint memorandum of 5 January 1916. [73] [74] Sykes was a British Conservative MP who had become a position that had a significant influence on British politics in the Middle East, beginning with his seat on the De Bunsen Committee in 1915 and his initiative to create the Arab Office.

Picot was a French diplomat and former consul general in Beirut. [75] Their agreement defined the spheres of influence and control proposed in West Asia if the Triple Entente succeeded in defeating the Ottoman Empire during World War I[76] by dividing many Arab territories into British and French-managed territories.

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